Extrusions have several advantages over other forms of plastics manufacturing. An example is the ability to create plastic forms of infinite length, in very large (or small) production volumes. Many different plastic products can be made in this manner out of a full spectrum of plastic materials, including PVC, Acrylic, ABS, and Polystyrene, just to name a few.
The Plastic Extrusion Process
The manufacturing process for plastic extrusions is fairly simple, but requires a variety of skills. To create different products, plastic extrusion companies like Plastic Extrusion Tech place thermoplastic resin in the form of beads or pellets into an extruder that feeds, melts, and processes the material.
The material is then extruded through a die, which determines the shape of the product being cooled. Once the plastic comes out of this phase, it will be cut and prepared as needed.
The plastic extrusion process is wide and varied, and can take many different forms, including:
Being the most common type of extrusion in the industry, single extrusions are by far the most common type of plastic extrusions where profiles are designed using a single thermoplastic material cut to varying lengths. Plastic Extrusion Technologies has the capability to produce a wide gamut of profiles, from the very simple to the very complex. We also offer secondary processes such as Notching and Drilling, Plastic Gluing and Taping, Punching, Forming, and Heat Welding.
Our state-of-the-art plastic tubing extrusion processes allow us to hold the industry challenging tolerances and manufacture extrusions using a broad range of thermoplastic materials to meet your exact specifications and exceed your highest expectations. We are committed to the strictest quality standards, continued investments in the latest equipment, and client service that is second-to-none.
Coextrusion options are available as well. This type of extrusion utilizes two or more extruders to melt and deliver a steady volumetric throughput of different viscous plastics to a single extrusion head (die), which extrudes the materials into the desired form. The thickness of each layer is determined by the relative speed and size of the individual extruders delivering the materials.
Some of the most common products created by the plastic extrusion process include:
- Flexible Tubing: Polyurethane, Santoprene, FPVC, LDPE, LLDPE
- Semi-Rigid Tubing: PP and HDPE
- Rigid Tubing: Polycarbonate, RPVC, ABS, high impact polystyrene HIPSand Acrylic
- Used in appliance industry, window industry, and even swimming pools. Our profiles can be produced in a wide array of shapes to meet your needs, and our multi-line operation allows for easy production for both small and large plastic profiles, ranging from 1/32” to 13”.
- This type of extrusion utilizes two or more extruders to melt and deliver a steady volumetric throughput of different viscous plastics to a single extrusion head (die), which extrudes the materials into the desired form.
Custom Plastic Profile Extrusions
Whether you are at the beginning stage of your plastic extrusion project or are looking for a new solution for your plastic profile extrusion needs, we’re confident that Plastic Extrusion Technologies will be the best partner for you. We provide necessary plastic extrusion capabilities to find cost-effective solutions to your polymers and plastic extrusion needs.
Plastic Extrusion Technologies specializes in many thermoplastic compounds such as ABS, rigid and flexible PVC, polyethylene, TPEs, TPOs, high impact polystyrene, polypropylene, polycarbonate, and more.
Trust Plastic Extrusion Technologies
Do many firms require the services of a company that works with extruded plastic? More than you might think! Everyone from window manufacturers to adhesives producers use the types of high-quality extrusions produced by Plastic Extrusion Technologies. Extrusion Companies big and small often require custom extruded items to be produced, and it is our goal to meet your finished product needs.
With 100 years of experience in the plastic manufacturing industry, you can rely on Plastic Extrusion to produce the highest quality extruded products that will satisfy your every need.
What are some FAQs about plastic extrusions?
What is plastic extrusion?
Plastic extrusion is a manufacturing process where raw plastic material is melted, formed, and shaped into a continuous profile by forcing it through a specially designed die. The resulting product can be in various forms like pipes, tubes, sheets, rods, and more.
What types of plastics can be used in extrusion?
A wide range of thermoplastic materials can be used in the extrusion process, including PVC, PE, PP, ABS, PET, and more. The choice of material depends on the desired properties of the final product.
What is an extruder?
An extruder is the machine used in the plastic extrusion process. It consists of a barrel, a screw, a motor, and a heating element. The raw plastic material is fed into the extruder, where it’s heated, melted, and forced through the die to create the desired shape.
What is an extrusion die?
An extrusion die is a specialized tool with a specific opening or profile that shapes the melted plastic material as it passes through. Dies can be designed to create various cross-sectional shapes, such as round, square, rectangular, or custom profiles.
What are the main steps in the extrusion process?
The basic steps of plastic extrusion include feeding the raw material into the extruder, melting and mixing the material, pushing it through the die to shape it, cooling and solidifying the formed product, and finally cutting it into desired lengths.
What are the advantages of plastic extrusion?
Plastic extrusion offers several benefits, including the ability to produce continuous lengths of uniform profiles, high production rates, customization of shapes and sizes, and the capability to work with a wide variety of plastic materials.
What industries use plastic extrusions?
Plastic extrusions find applications in various industries, such as construction (pipes, profiles), packaging (films, sheets), automotive (weatherstrips, seals), consumer goods (toys, household items), and more.
What is the difference between single-screw and twin-screw extruders?
Single-screw extruders have one rotating screw that pushes the material through the die, while twin-screw extruders have two intermeshing screws that provide better mixing and processing capabilities for certain materials.
What are some common challenges in plastic extrusion?
Challenges can include maintaining consistent product dimensions, dealing with material variations, managing heat and cooling to prevent warping, addressing die swell, and ensuring proper material flow and homogeneity.
How is quality control maintained in plastic extrusion?
Quality control involves monitoring factors like material composition, melt temperature, extrusion speed, cooling rate, and product dimensions. Regular checks, adjustments, and testing help ensure the final product meets the desired specifications.
Can recycled plastics be used in extrusion?
Yes, recycled plastics can often be used in extrusion processes, either alone or in combination with virgin materials. However, the properties and quality of the final product might be influenced by the quality and composition of the recycled material.
What is co-extrusion?
Co-extrusion involves extruding multiple layers of different materials simultaneously to create a single product with specific properties. This technique is commonly used to create composite materials with different functionalities, such as UV protection or barrier properties.